Canada Day (French: Fête du Canada) is Canada's national holiday, marking the beginnings of the present form of the country on July 1, 1867. It is a federal holiday celebrated on July 1, annually, by all provincial governments and most businesses across the country. A day off from work, Canada Day is often a time for outdoor activities in the early Canadian summer. It is also Canada's main patriotic holiday. Canada Day is often referred to as "Canada's birthday," particularly in the popular press. However July first does not commemorate a clear-cut date of "independence" or "founding," but instead merely commemorates the begining of the establishment of the Canadian confederation through the 1867 British North America Act. The British Parliament still retained several political controls over Canada after 1867, and the country still lacked many of its modern provinces. July 1, 1867 represented the establishment of Canada as a kingdom in its own right, the begining of a new phase of Canadian self-soverignity and democracy, and was the begining of the slow march towards full Canadian indepdence from Britain, attained with the proclamation of the Constitution Act by Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, in 1982.